Getting a Grip on Four-Jaw Lathe Chucks
How a chuck works
A chuck consists of a body, jaw slides, and jaws, as shown right. Internal spiral gearing moves all four jaws simultaneously, keeping them equidistant from the center of the chuck body. The jaws operate with twin levers or a single key. Lever action requires either the simultaneous use of both hands, or temporarily locking the lathe spindle to adjust the chuck with one lever. Single-key chucks offer the advantage of one-hand operation without the necessity of locking the lathe spindle. One-hand tightening or loosening leaves the other hand free to control stock when mounting it or a finished piece when removing it from the chuck.
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