Sanding Power Tools
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Wood Magazine

Sanding Power Tools

The first step to perfect finish is to start with a smooth, scratch-free surface. To accomplish that, you'll need to know your abrasives and sanding tools. Use the articles in this category to help you do just that.

Page 1

Page 1

Sander: Stationary belt (vertical) and disc sander Purpose: Rapid removal of stock on edges. Applications: Sanding back to a line. Touching up miters and computnd agles. Chamfering or roundig dowel ends. Suggested Abrasives: 36- to 120-grit cloth-backed aluminum oxide.



Sander: Stationary belt (horizontal) Purpose: Rapid removal of stock on surfaces. Applications: Flattening small areas of face grain. General smoothing and truing. Shaping. Use end of belt as freehand drum sander. Suggested Abrasives: 36- to 120-grit cloth-backed aluminum oxide.



Sander: Stationary edge belt sander Purpose: Rapid removal of stock on edges. Applications: Smoothing edge grain. Sanding back to a line. Concave sanding on the open roller. Suggested Abrasives: 36- to 120-grit cloth-backed aluminum oxide.


 

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Sander: Stationary strip sander Purpose: Sanding small parts. Applications: Metal sharpening. Inside edges and tight areas. Suggested Abrasives: 36- to 120-grit cloth-backed aluminum oxide.


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Sander: Portable belt sander Purpose: Rapid removal of stock on large, flat surfaces. Applications: Truing stock glued up for width, lowering joints and edges to a uniform height. Mounted in accessory stands, these machines work as small stationary beltsanders. Suggested Abrasives: 60- to 120-grit cloth-backed aluminumoxide.


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Sander: Finishing sanders Purpose: Smoothing surfaces and protective finishes. Applications: Final sanding. 1/4 sheet (palm) sanders useful on small areas. 1/3- and 1/2-sheet models best for largerareas. Suggested Abrasives: 120- to 320-grit paper-backed aluminum oxide, garnet, or silicon carbide.


 

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Sander: Random-orbit sanders (electricand pneumatic) Purpose: High-speed finish-sanding without swirl marks. Applications: Flattening joints while leaving a smooth surface. Special pad available for contours. Suggested Abrasives: 80- to 320-grit paper and adhesive-backed aluminum oxide and silicon carbide.


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Sander: Straightline sanders (electric and pneumatic) Purpose: Sands with the grain. Applications: Flattening high-low areas. Lowering joints and edges to a uniform height. Suggested Abrasives: 80- to 320-grit cloth-backed aluminum oxide and silicon carbide.


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Sander: Flexible disc sander Purpose: Rapid stock removal on irregular surfaces. Applications: Shaping, smoothing, and polishing small stock. Power-sanding bowls when chucked in a portable drill with lathe running. Various sizes available from 1-6". Suggested Abrasives: 36- to 400-gript cloth-, paper-, and adhesive-backed aluminum oxide and silicon carbide.


 

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Sander: Flap wheels Purpose: Conform to irregular surfaces. Applications: Corrosion removal on tools and hardware. Sanding carvings and spindles. Suggested Abrasives: 60- to 180-grit cloth-backed aluminum oxide.


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Sander: Drum sander Purpose: Sanding concave and convex edges to smooth, flowing shapes. Applications: Sanding back to a line on curved, bandsawed edges. Suggested Abrasives: 60- to 150-grit cardboard-backed aluminum oxide.


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Sander: Pneumatic (inflatable) drum sander Purpose: Smoothing and shaping of irregular surfaces. Applications: Smoothing carvings and intarsia parts. Fill drum bladder to varying pressures to change conformity of drum. Suggested Abrasives: 36- to 120-grit cloth-backed aluminum oxide.


 

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Sander: Hand sander Purpose: Controllable truing and smoothing Applications: Specialized sanding blocks help you sand tight and irregular surfaces. Foam sanding blocks work well on rounded surfaces. Suggested Abrasives: 80- to 1,500-grit paper-, cloth-, and adhesive-backed garnet, aluminum oxide, or silicon carbide.


 

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