Man vs. Machine. Armed only with hand tools, WOOD Magazine Design Editor Jeff Mertz challenges Tool Tester Pat Lowry and his dovetail router jig to a dovetail showdown!
Laying out an Ellipse
Laying out circles in the shop is an easy task when you've got your compass, a centerpointâstrike a circle no problem. But laying out an ellipsis is a little trickier. Today we're going to show you a way of doing that with a framing square and a shopmade trammel. Now what we're going to start with is basically laying out the size of your ellipse: The two main factors are your major axis and your minor axis. (Major axis being the length of your ellipse, minor axis being the width). I've laid those out; now it's time to make a trammel. A trammel is made of scrap stock that is roughly 3 inches longer than half your major axis. Start by drilling a hole one inch from one end that fits your pencil snugly. Drive two 4-penny finish nails into the stock, one is half the major axis, one is half the minor axis. The other thing you want to do is file down the tips of the nails after you've driven them through. Okay, now we're going to lay out the arc in our first quadrant. To do that, I'm using a framing square. I've applied two pieces of double-faced tape to the backside as to kinda help hold this in position. So we lay that down, line that up with our major and minor axis. Just kinda press that in place. Take our shopmade trammel, line up the finishing nail with the corner of the framing square, and when we pull this around, we want to keep both nails in contact with the framing square, and we're just going to strike that arc. There's our ellipse. We've laid out all four quadrants. Remove our framing square; you've got a perfect ellipse.
How to Proportion Objects Pleasing to the Eye
If you've ever design your own woodworking project he may have had troubles trying to find the right scale proportion of the elements that make that design look just right. Great times that was they noticed that there was a common ratio in nature that make things appealing to the hot. That ratio is 121 point 618. This is oftentimes referred to as the golden section. The numbers really aren't important it's the ratio that this and help put that we came up with a fibonacci gauge it. This page always retains the ratio of one. To one point 61 night. No matter how narrow or wide the bread and let me show you how that works. That ratio. Can be seen here finger tip to not call and knuckle to knuckle. And as I expand the caliber. You can see he goes to the point the finger. That same ratio up to my wrist and now let's look added that the parts or not. The width of the building. The full length. Vs the height. Can also be broken down. The lower element to the rough solvent. And even farther. The height of the freeze as part of the element. Now let's look at project that we design recently. To show how to find the location of this six shelf. Now design her own piece of furniture. Oftentimes when designing a project he must start with a critical dimension don't like the war in this example. Our table topped. On this table will be thirty inches that is our political dimension. To find its length we set the ratio. The At thirty inches plus a smaller portion of ratio. To find the whipped. 38 times one point 61 day. Is approximately 48 and a half inches. given blankets. We now wanna find out where to place the legs. In this instance we're gonna set at that thirty inches. Considering that thirty inches over the whipped it gets so locations. For the elect's. Now we have the basic cable form at a shelf. Please return our helper. Down to thirty inches. Use thirty times point 61 date and we get eighteen and a half inches. center of that over its height. And now we have. Relocation of a shelf. And the heights. Territory for. We can also take that. In this example. And set our drawer Now let's a couple things like the thickness of the elements. Three quarter inch tabletop. Maybe inch and half. Wide legs. And our shelves. And there's a basic cable but the fun elevation complete. got a side deal to determine how deep tables going to be. We can make a square table. We can make a rectangular table. Or ten any dimension. Any proportion from those because what are you doing using elements of the designed to determine the depth we keep things in proper proportion. This table it's a whole table twelve which is about as far as I want this table to from the Walt to find it twelve inch dimension. Maybe start from the height. We found that this was eighteen and a half leaving eleven and a half inches. That we good close to mention the twelfth. So here. Is our table. Top and now we need our legs. To distance between the legs can be found. Using the proportions are right here so there certain location of distance between the legs. We have our inch and a half table legs that we designed earlier. Salt all those The transfer over our eight month. And the location of our shelves. After completing the elevations. through the dimensions on. I do this on graph paper shows he's the figure out what those were going to be. Don't be too precise this point remember. We got to about the shop until this project so eight quarter inch dimensions just round things off so it's easy to achieve. So now that you've seen how easy it is to design project using the fibonacci gauge. Quiet your shop apply your Good luck.just right. Great times that was they noticed that there was a common ratio in nature that make things appealing to the hot. That ratio is 121 point 618. This is oftentimes referred to as the
Using a Fairing Stick
building a small. And table here are the plans call for an art in the bottom of this Just to get little wider look. The plans call for up to start one quarter from HM. And effectiveness will be two and a half inches of the top of the Couple ways you could lay this out. I'm going to show really easy one today using a faring Now this is. Just a piece of vote tempered hard board a string a toggle time between them fairly easy to make. I can find the plans Florida www. Would magazine dot com stroke faring. It's a free plan a free download so we've come. Put that up in just a couple minutes. Two years the stick. You lay out three points you need to know that two end points. And the top of your car. Knowing goes you can construct a smooth curve through a month affair and stick. So mark those first a marked the end points. For a quarter inch from a Sam's. Thanks to mark a quarter inch from the sent. Now we need to know the middle. The board so we'll measure about fourteen inches will make your market. Seven inches here. Mammoth that senator. down maps that are lying to get our. Overall height which will be two and a half inches. Make a mark there. Now we have a three points for the got the two end points. And the center points. Now is just a matter of flexing your fair and stick. Hold the toggle. And bamboo sticks sort passes through. Connects all three points just like that. Now. Just draw a line along the edge of the faring stick. Make it dark enough that longer. And there are band saw line. When to cut the cut about an eighth inch outside the line here. In the the waste area then you can sand down the line it'll give him much nicer finish. Another way you might need to use the stick is to make. A curve on the top of a like tobacco back relevant Dresser or something. This is done the same way. But wanna start with a piece that's a little wider. Them finished piece. This is five and a half. The finished piece is supposed to be five and a quarter interest of the top of the solved. We'll measure. From the bottom. Measure up to five and quarter and just. And we'll mark that Middle of the floor. There's the middle of our our. The points. three and a half inches from the bottom. Soldiers mark three and a half into the army generals the board. And then doing exactly the same thing. We'll just have just are stick. Until it connects all three points. Little more. Little more Little less Sometimes have to fiddle with a little bit. There we go we've got all three points. I guess we're just. Trees along the stick. Make cutting line. little bit outside the line and sent to.band saw line. When to cut the -- cut -- about an eighth inch outside the line here. In the the waste area then you can sand down the line it'll give him much nicer finish.
Beveled Tapers on the Tablesaw
We get lots phone calls and letters from readers asking for mathematical formula so that they can build. Foresight and objects with The problem with Athens. Even after you formula. The correct answer down into the fifth small point. You still have to translate that in two tables hall settings. And there's no guarantee you those formulas going to do the right numbers. The real world. So what we've done is come up and no method. Achieving tapered sides. Four sided object. require them. all start out a very simple logic nothing more than a big slab of memorabilia. That over size is. Four of the test pieces that we're going to be cutting. You'll see. We've got just enough room on that end here. And on the backside here to side and in stops. But beyond that. It is all very flexible. You don't need to worry about getting exactly We could have made the authorities here. First thing we're going to do is cut a 45 degree bubble on this. We're starting out at 45 degrees the it's a common angle that's easy for unifying under tables we can find him later if we need to. The next thing you know we're going to do. Does mark the tops and problems. Of our test pieces. First thing to do is find the senator. Above the top from the bottom. Then knowing what your top those going to beer and a bottom up is going to be. Divided those numbers and And measure that. Distance from the senator to both sides. That'll give you your top whip and a bottomless. Now the action earlier topping your bottom. It's time to add the bubbles going down to the other face. Place your counsel against one of the marks that defined the width of the pop on the outside. Slide your. 45 degree doubled over. And mark. From the top of the ball. Despite that. On the other side do the same thing sure pencil. On the air and right where have. And sidebar to lose. Sly and believe bubble up against the mark. From the top to the Now it's time to position one of your house. pieces subject. What you're going to do is a lying of these bubble marks here. With the bubble on the injured. Hoosier salt will come up here and cut rightward The locals clearly marked one of breeze once you get your stops that's all you needed the stops will determine the rest of without market. Both on your house pieces and under workers Now it's time to have the and and stops. For those I've selected plywood. An advantage to plywood is that it is slightly thinner. Than the material but I'm working. That'll come in handy later when I'm right clamp down hold domes. Because this for the same thickness I wouldn't get as good regret. And your situation. You may have plywood that news about the same thickness. Your work peace nut case. Just a some adhesive sand paper to the underside here. Not undergo a little bit of regret to laugh all the days ago. So after double checking my bubbles answering my work is going to add the long stop but it goes against those. One thing you'll notice about each of these stops is I placed the line. Along one but things contact with the work The reason for that is that going to be putting these on and taking them off repeatedly. In the process. Cutting two different levels switching back to coming to bubbles on your work pieces. By knowing which had always goes up against the work You avoid the problem. Of off center holes. Throwing off the alignment it's. Now I'm ready to cut the first novel on the first work. noticed that. An advantage of this very good news about the shape of the bubble the top of the here eliminates any terror. To think about working with and be it's support to bear the of both the Am Leo Leo. Post seasons after you align your stops for the first work he has all the others to sort of slide into position. Without. Further adjustments on the injured. Or for their markings on the workers Album was tough for bubbles. On our forecast pieces. It's time to realign Madrid cup bubbles on the opposite To do that. Retrieved the that to cut first but as your bubble markings on the top the ball. Madrid first remove these stops opinions and the long side here. A lot of sun taking extra care to make sure that I don't sweat. These in pieces. Again. Reproduce the us not only on your forecast bases but between your forecast Peterson's. And before this shall I actually cut for your problem. Now one thing I'm going to do for a contender. Is mark the holes. That I created in the process of making those first I want to be absolutely sure. That there's no mix the positioning these star. To reposition stops. You're just like to do it before this time aligning the bottom level against this. In the top level. Against the edged down here. I noticed that this isn't going to this bubble perfectly. But that doesn't really matter because the important thing is. That all your pieces are going to have those soft. Consistently. With the stop some players. And do work is some position. It's time to make the first of these seconds on a It's not we have four test pieces where. Level papers on both sides. Now it's time to tape them together for a test to see how well our 45 degrees and worked. Moment of truth comes when you close up the fourth side. And you have an opportunity to see. This does open up gaps. Either on the outside or the inside. And is quick word about gaps. We almost impossible to do the us. Without having a tiny bit of a gap so I would recommend using epoxy adhesive. The trick is where that gap now if you get perfect angles far. Everything works well. What you want to avoid. Is a gap that forms on the outside just apart destroy what happens you know. The inside corners meet before the outside corners and fortunately. That hasn't happened here. Nice not corners on the outside on all four sides. Question is only doing on the outside and the answer is pretty good. I've got a nice tight joint here. So I think my 45 degree angle is certainly pretty well as far as making good papered. There.We get lots phone calls and letters from readers asking for -- mathematical formula so that they can build. Foresight and objects with -- -- The problem with Athens. Even after you -- -- -- formula.
Beveled Panels with a Saddle Jig
Hello I'm Jeff design editor would magazine today it like to talk about cutting bubbles on large panels. You might ask we're going as well as an example might be a pain at the edge of race panel door drawer front. Or on the top of the cabinet if I wanna create a steep angle on that bottom edge to create a little drama in an overhang. Well I can cut those on the router table but I'm usually limited on how many bits I have. Also to create a real steep angle on the bottom edge. The the panels are really meant to be cut vertically not horizontal. Well with short fence and a bit like this this panel can get kind of unwieldy. So I like to come on the table saw. Now you may say that table got a short fence too well on the show you how to do it with a little saddled demonstrate how to make the nice thing about. Cutting doubles like this on the table saws I could tilt the blaze in the angle I want. And create a variety of angles I'm not limited bit. So let's talk about how would just a piece of the recorder and quarter inch plywood that I got much then I can make reversible Jake it's gonna serve me for many years ago. First look at the tall fence I'm making this sixteen inches wide. Next on the the same width as the rip them. Does he will be the upright on the opposite side of the repair. And this piece of quarter why would serve as here overworked of the fastest you'll see what I mean and the second piece of ordered would serve stopped behind the back of the work. You can see the bottom screwed to the bottom edge of the tall fence and notice I used Cruz just in case the wage cut into the Next don't catch the stop to the back edge of the Now what my bottom and the stop installed. On the drive symbol around our offense. I had my backer. And then just one quick clamp. Now. This is great and works will work just like it is only if your panels match the width of your sled. But yeah. Let's in my panels this wide. Well I can put a clamp here no problem but I don't have any support out here and site what I wanna do is remove some material on this backer board. To allow Mike clamp to have multiple positions. So whether panels tall and narrower than my sled. Toward shorter. I still happening clamping position so. I'm just gonna take a rough pencil outline. It just kind of week. That'll give me multiple clamping positions on this. Now that I've got my. Backer board cut out. Agassi is on some sandpaper just knock it down not build a piece furniture agreed to just object to the shop. So I've applied some double tour's top of saddle. Hold the back flush. And the other side. Again. Had a clamps. But double tape actually has a little thickness to it. And provides a little clearance between the two faces of the saddle so little slide on the pencils. We're not talking a lot we're just talking enough so you're not you don't have it's so tight that that's won't move on on that. Right. Now that clamped I can some screws from both sides. And now when I put my board on. I'll be able to clamp in multiple positions. And hold that place. Some and add some Okay now we've got to assembled. We can remove the clamps. Just listened sandpaper. Kind of cleanup for a Week. All right now I've got to slide that. And it works real well in that sense it's gonna give us a lot of control and build produce these cats very safe. We'll sort that out the way let's clean things up and make cut. With assembled. Razor blade and tilted to the appropriate angle I've tilted r.s fifteen degrees. I've placed a mark on the front of Mike the bottom my sled which is replaceable every time you make panels. I suggest you put a new strip on remember that just how long a couple of groups. defense up slides up so that the tooth. Matches your its benchmark. back the away from the blade. We can my panel. I recommend a test. Using a test material for your first cut. Claims that security. And we'll make our first say Now I've done two things of that first cut. I've created. The bottom miser of taper. Maestro clearance plate. And I've made my that flight back through. You working around the And there we have it. It's nice tapers on a big panel.way let's clean things up and make cut. With -- -- assembled. Razor blade and tilted to the appropriate angle I've tilted r.s fifteen degrees. I've placed a mark on the front of Mike the bottom
Make Rounded Corners With Your Router
WOOD Magazine's Bob Wilson shows you how you can make rounded corners of any radius time after time with a simple jig.is the same radius as the horrors we're going to -- The Tug boats or is it to make and you have a lot of flexibility. The size thing and construction problem. The important thing is
Portable Sanding Drum
Many times when you're doing a project that involves a pattern or template that you attached to the You're going to see the words outside the line and spam to the line pattern. Well that's fine it you've got an awful ratings slander not everybody knows. We're going to Sharia how to make a injured that'll turn or electric drill. Into a dragster. We've printed project part here that involves outside inside curbs and a combination of Paper pattern lines and console wise. But there are some places that a drum Sander are also ratings from the standard isn't going to reach the in these type of horrors. These would send by but the rest we can spent a lot of time spamming or line by using our drums. Our object that turns the drill and toward center couldn't be easier to make. six inch square batteries. We've got a vertical is that about four inches wide performances. If you. Have your drill Andy make it a bouts. Three quarters to an inch wider than the body of the The political news is held to the base by two screws but remember you're working with India so be sure to pre drill we're going to along with that here. When your finished. route or cut a small recess right here. That allows for sending drum to go deeper then the surface. Your attaching the world. Then take some adhesive sand Paper we used about 100 one point here wanted to be fine. And attach it to the space where the going to. To attach these drill hole for the injured. The purchase to clients that are long enough for at least have enough diameter. Two well vertical trees and around the bodies of girl. loosely place the drill on the here so about the drum it is just outside of this little recess here. And I've got my two band clamps around the and the body of the grow. Real time when what would be used it is to use a driver attachment. Yeah and cordless or else. to save your walls huh. things tightened up and I haven't tightened them up. Absolutely tired yet because we have to make a few adjustments here. Get a ninety degree angles between those barriers. And the strong. Bringing the salmon from ninety degrees to Madrid going to have to raise this and of the droll little bit. Do that I've cut some very almost Paper thin she comes that I can slide in under here and to require. Remember you don't want to clamp down almost two partners clamps and tremendous lot of pressure so pressure growing process Now I can check again with my square mixture of I've got a ninety degree angle between And the but while I'm out I wanted to check to make sure of I've got. In the adjustment of the drill. Where it's attached here. Who. Battled. If things remember about the effective for you to. Home from. that need for a while. Hold the bottom of fending for. What the thing. As you can see here. The stemming from those left a clean line along my pattern. And a fairly smooth surface clips from one party may be up through 182. Polygraphs. You should be able move this down as smooth. Rosters surfaces.from those left a clean line along my pattern. And a fairly smooth surface clips from one party may be up through 182. Polygraphs. You should be able -- move this down as smooth. Rosters surfaces.
WOOD Magazine iPad Edition
Hi I'm Dave Campbell from WOOD magazine and I want to introduce you to the digital edition of WOOD magazine. Now the digital edition provides everything that you get in the paper version of the magazine, but it adds some nice interactive elements to make it a little easier to get things done. For example and you can take the project drawings and enlarge them and look at them in larger scale. You can also zoom in on the pages for larger type. Videos that are associated with articles can be viewed without an Internet connection, and we also provide downloadable patterns for parts. And maybe the best part is if you have a tablet PC you can keep dozens of issues of WOOD magazine at the access, at the ready, all the time, in the space of one single magazine. Let me show you how it works. To access the digital edition of WOOD magazine, go to zinio.com/wood, and when you get to that site, follow the instructions for registering and subscribing to WOOD magazine, and then download and install the free player on your tablet computer. Once the player is downloaded just tap on the Zinio icon on your tablet's desktop. After you subscribe the magazines that you subscribe to will appear in the library--this is the button here at the bottom that says Library on your Zinio player. The shows all the issues right now that are available in my library to be able to download. And to download the issue that you wanna read just tap on its cover, and Zinio will begin to download that to your tablet. Now the first time that you view it, it's gonna download the entire issue, but you can start viewing it in just a matter of seconds here, you don't have to wait for the entire issue to download before viewing it. As with most tablet applications, you can view the magazine one page at time like this. Or you can turn it and view two pages at the same time. Now starting at the cover you can tap on any of the text to take you directly to the article that's referenced in that cover line. Or you can navigate by swiping pages just like turning the pages of the magazine. Or you can tap near the bottom of the screen to open up sort of a mini view of the pages with the page numbers so you can pick which page you wanna go to--it's kind of just a quick look at thumbnails of the articles. Now whenever you see a reference to another page in an article, you can tap on that page reference and go directly to that page. For quick access to the table of contents. to get to any article quickly, just tap on the screen and that'll bring up some menu options and up here in the top right corner, you'll see a little table of contents icon. Tap on that picture and it'll take you immediately to the table of contents for the magazine, where once again you can tap on a page number to take you directly to that page. If you're connected to the Internet with your tablet, all the web links and the ads in the article are live. You can just tap on the link to go directly to the web page. And anytime that you leave the pages of the magazine you can return to the magazine but simply tapping "close" in the top left corner. You go right back to where you left off. Some interactive elements work whether you're connected to the Internet or not. For example, videos download with your tablet version so to watch a video mentioned, just tap on the player. You can make the video larger by rotating the screen to horizontal, and by tapping on the full screen icon. Likewise for articles with lots of drawings: We've made it easier to access all the drawings with a simple tap. You can swipe the pages to flip through them; tap twice to enlarge them; tap twice again to reduce them; or you can jump to any drawing using the thumbnail navigation. And of course you can rotate the iPad to maximize the size, depending on the drawing's orientation. Now what if a project requires a full size pattern? Well, we have you covered there too. Just navigate to the pattern pack in the magazine, click on the link in the pattern back to download PDF of the patterns--that'll download right to your device. And then you can print it on regular 8-1/2 by 11 paper if your device supports that printing. Or you can email the file to another computer for printing. You can get the digital edition of WOOD magazine by subscription, or you can also buy single copy versions of it. Once again the address to go to is zinio.com/wood.type. Videos that are associated with articles can be viewed without an Internet connection , and we also provide downloadable patterns for parts. And maybe the best part is if you have a tablet PC you can keep dozens of issues of WOOD magazine at the access, at the ready, all the time, in the space of
Routing Perfect Fitting Dadoes
We're not sure why they still call it 3/4" plywood anymore, because over the years, the thickness has shrunk by 1/32" or more. In fact, the thickness of plywood can vary from sheet to sheet and sometimes even within the same sheet. So how do you rout airtight dadoes to fit these odd sizes? In thisgive him lines like -- Droid here. Good sign that your very tight fitting NATO joint news that you've got very little lateral movement those one. And managed to make this story with drugs to -- would object and an inexpensive router. Variation. On this --