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Hardwood Shopper

A guide to wood, its uses, grades, and board feet. Buying wood can be just as much fun as working it, if you're informed. The basics here will get you started.

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Understanding hardwood grades
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Understanding hardwood grades

Buying wood can be just as much fun as working it, if you're informed. The basics here will get you started.

Understanding hardwood grades No two hardwood boards look alike. That's why each hardwood board is assigned a grade at the mill by a lumber grader. Each grade, right, is based on a percentage of yield in clear face cuttings as seen from the clearest side of the board.


GRADING TERMS
GRADE CHARACTERISTICS
FAS
(First and seconds)
The best grade. Boards 6" and wider, 8' and longer. Almost clear. Yields 83-2/3 percent clear face cuttings 4" or woder by 5' or longer and 3" or wider by 7' or longer.
Selects Boards 4" and wider, 6y' and longer. One side is FAS, the other is No. 1 Common. Yields 83-2/3 percent clear face cuttings.
No. 1 Common Boards are 3" and wider, 4' and longer. Yields 66-2/3 percent clear face cuttings 4" or wider by 2' or longer and 3" or wider by 3' or longer.


Continued on page 2:  Easy board foot calculation

 

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