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S.O.S: Save Our Shopclass!

Will the recent economic crunch be the nail in the coffin for shop classes, as U.S. schools sacrifice vocational programs in favor of a pure college-prep focus? New research suggests that industrial arts programs are necessary for our students. But are they too far gone to save? Maybe not …

Shop Class—Necessary but Faltering

A recent NY Times article dares to challenge the conventional wisdom that (at least in the U.S.) a college education is essential to the “American Dream.” To summarize, research suggests that for more and more young men and women entering the workforce, the skyrocketing cost of a bachelor degree (and therefore the debt carried into post-graduate life) is a crippling and unnecessary burden. Especially when, for most of the fastest growing job markets, no college degree is required. One of the main conclusions of the researchers is that schools need to bring back vocational training that not only opens up options for students, but teaches employer-demanded problem-solving, negotiation, communication, and conflict-resolution that is not always present in a college curriculum. From the article:

Peggy Williams, a counselor at a high school in suburban New York City said she would be more willing to counsel some students away from the precollege track if her school, Mount Vernon High School, had a better vocational education alternative. Over the last decade, she said, courses in culinary arts, nursing, dentistry and heating and ventilation system repair were eliminated. Perhaps 1 percent of this year’s graduates will complete a concentration in vocational courses, she said, compared with 40 percent a decade ago.

And Ms. Williams’ story is repeated across the country as schools slash programs under tremendous budget crunches. Shop class, with its liability insurance and expensive machinery and materials is one of the easiest for an administrator to justify axing. So when research shows that vocational training is necessary to our educational system, how do we reverse the trend and save our shop classes?

Two ideas presented themselves recently.

Celebrating Shop Class

Owing to our well-regarded opinions, our very serious demeanors, and the gravitas we bring to any occasion (and the fact that we agreed to it), colleague Craig Ruegsegger and I were once again invited to help judge the Iowa Industrial Technology Exposition. This year, the expo was bigger than ever with participants from schools across the state, dozens of exhibitors, scholarships at stake, and (to our delight) some 250-300 woodworking entries!

Once again it was very humbling to be asked to judge entries that would stretch my skills to their limits. And very gratifying to see the passion and dedication to the craft poured into each of the projects. There were too many great entries to show here, but one of our favorites was the custom wooden jukebox. It was designed to house a computer, touchscreen, speakers, and thousands of songs. Of course Craig and I were among the few present with the refined taste in music to appreciate the song selection playing as we passed (Ozzy’s No More Tears).

This year, the expo was held in the newly completed high school building of the Southeast Polk school district. Bucking the trend in education economics, SEP has spared no expense in their new state-of-the-art facilities. Housed in their brand new gym surrounded by wide sunlit hallways and classrooms, the expo took on a very celebratory tone. Dozens and dozens of students were on hand to serve as volunteers assisting all guests. Half the gym was set aside for career recruiters. There was an outdoor climbing wall. Technical colleges were on hand with driving simulators and pit crew races. The school was transformed into a celebration of vocational education. Rather than feeling like an educational “Plan B,” Industrial Arts Education was preeminent.

Since Craig and I live in the school district’s boundaries with young ones of our own, we asked one of the students to give us the grand tour. Having attended very small schools, we were both pretty stunned at the opportunities that our children would be presented with. We lingered in the industrial arts wing of the school, especially the wood- and metalworking classrooms. Rows of workbenches, project storage, safety equipment, heavy-duty woodworking machinery, banks of welding booths, metal mills and much more are pretty convincing evidence that shop class is not dead.

Economy-proofing Shop Class

I recently had the opportunity to talk to Craig Conrad, a shop teacher from Craig, Colorado. WOOD has featured his unique shop classes in the magazine a couple times before. In 1985, the school nearly lost its shop program to a lack of funding. Part-time teacher Craig Conrad stepped in, introducing a concept he called “Unstoppable Shops” which not only rescued the struggling program financially, but made it one of the most popular courses in the school.

Here’s how he does it:

At the first of the school year, students in Conrad’s class vote on a project to sell. Next they prototype it, learning about woodworking techniques in the process. Conrad teaches a condensed customer relations and salesmanship course before sending the kids out to take orders with sample prototypes in hand. Part of the money becomes a commission for the students (some of whom earned hundreds of dollars in the 5-day selling period)—real-life sales skills and huge incentive to take shop class. The rest of the money is spent on materials for the product and any left over becomes shop profit for new equipment.

Shortly before Christmas, student projects are set aside to focus on wooden toys. The day before Christmas break, the shop is transformed into Santa’s workshop, the students dress as elves, and the toys are given away to community children.

With a paycheck as one of the incentives, shop class quickly became one of the most popular classes in the school. Because it was funding itself, no administrator would cut it. Add in the community participation through sales and charity and Conrad’s shop class fulfilled on its promise of being unstoppable.

Conrad has retired from teaching kids; he now teaches teachers. After a recent Industrial Tech Education conference in Michigan, Conrad’s presentation generated enough interest among the shop teachers that he was convinced to team up with the local Woodcraft stores to give a couple of weekend seminars about creating Unstoppable Shops. If you’re a shop teacher (or know a shop teacher) in the Michigan area and would like to attend, the workshops will be held in the Sterling Heights Woodcraft store on July 29-30 and the Grand Rapids store on August 2-3. Ask for Liz Byers at 304-865-4160 or email her at liz_byers@woodcraft.com.

Conrad says he’s willing to repeat the workshops in other locations, so even if you can’t make it to the Michigan workshops, contact Liz with your location. If there’s enough interest, you might see him in a Woodcraft workshop near you.

30 Responses to “S.O.S: Save Our Shopclass!”

  1. I lived down the “Industrial Arts” Hall in HS. As I jr, I was a “student teacher” in drafting”, as a Sr, I went to class from 0700-1030, after that I worked for the Atomic Enery Commission as a draftsman.

    I could walk into Metal shop & run any piece of equipment without a lick of supervision…… used to leave charged capacitors on the bench for newbie’s to pick up……

    Shop classes was a primary reason I changed schools

    Washington HS, Class of ’70

  2. Industrial Arts is and should always be an essential part of all high school ciriculums. At myWhen I was in middle school, they started the industrial arts program in 6th grade. I was hooked then. I took every available drafting, metal, and woodshop class available. By my junior year, I had take all the available classes, but I still wanted more in my senior year. My guidance cousler actually let me schedule three class periods a day to work in drafting and shop class. All this experience led me to an Associated degree in computer-aided drafting & design. I have a wood shop set up in the garage that I use and enjoy on a regular basis and I have recently finished build a complete kitchen with cherry cabinets. Currently, 15 years after high school, I own my own business. I am in the tool and die trade with a heavy emphasis on design and troubleshooting. All of this would not have been possible if it wasn’t for my exposure to Industrial Arts in school.

    Chad R. Dillaman

  3. Our daughter is a wood teacher. We support all industrial art classes. Not all students are college material thus they can learn a trade in the IA classes.

  4. On a previous post, one person lauded industrial arts classes citing, “not all students are college material.” This is one reason industrial arts classes have become rare. To say that one is not college material is almost the same as saying that a person is not good enough to succeed in college. What high school student wants to be associated with the “other” group?

  5. I was a shop teacher for 34 years, retired(?) and worked for Apple and other technology companies doing writing, training and quality assurance testing.
    The world will not stop turning because Industrial Arts classes are terminated. It is simply a question of how well it turns because of the loss, or diminishing, of hands-on skills, analysis, the power of reasonings, and sensible judgments – somethimes called common or horse sense, combined with innate gumption or having a ready insight into and understanding of things.

  6. America NEEDS skilled craftspeople. That is the bottom line. Furthermore, the phrase “not college material” has more to do with a lack of desire than a lack of ability. Additionally, our high schools have become places where they cater to the lowest performing students and teachers. “Raising the bar higher” has become, in so many words, a “dirty word.”
    Industrial Arts, music, theatre, and art classes are all essential to a well-rounded high school experience. There are high schools where counselors actually discourage students from taking Industrial Arts classes. Our schools are run by special interest groups that have “deep pockets” and are interested only in funneling our young people off to college or into professional sports, not into the skilled trades.

  7. Trade schools are important to the growth of America and other countries. Any way we can help get the message out is important. I’d rather fund Industrial Arts than some other agendas. How can we help?

  8. I taught Shop, aka Industrial Arts, aka Technology for 34 years. Many of the students went on to be carpenters, electricians, plumbers, etc. Seems to me that these skills are still in demand. I also had many college bound boys and girls taking the Tech courses in Pre Engineering, CAD and Digital Electronics. Perhaps now we have a few good engineers that are not only book smart, but know how to construct a project from their designs.

    So how did I end up as a “shop” teacher? I took Electric Shop in my senior year in HS and the teacher there convinced me to go to SUNY at Oswego to become a shop teacher. Twenty five years later, I too had a student go on to teach “shop”. So in my career I taught about 4000 boys and girls. Which means these 3 shop teachers will have affected around 12,000 kids!

    Shop classes gives kids a sense of pride in their work and in themselves. Reading a book can give you knowledge. Building a project not only gives you knowledge but displays your knowledge and your skill for all to see. Shop classes provide a place for students to apply their reading skills, their science and math skills and their artistic talents. So I guess the question is “Why would you cut these courses?” America cannot afford to lose these skills.

  9. I am an Industrial Education teacher. I use my classes to show a practical use for the theories taught in the core classes. I find that if the student can find a real use for the what is taught in the core classroom it improves their overall outlook towards school. In today’s technical world there will always be a place for craftsman or someone having a practical knowledge of the safe use of tools and equipment. If I am going to call on someone to work on my car, repair my roof, or weld a seam I want someone with hands on experience not someone who learned to weld on a computer screen. I have some of the best and brightest students in my classes, many of whom have gone or are currently enrolled in college. Shop class is not a dumping ground but a starting place for great things.

  10. Those shop classes definately need to be saved,that way they can learn to look after their own repairs around the house!!

  11. When I was in eighth grade and choosing which high school I would attend, I opted for the one that offered a general industrial arts class. My friends tried to talk me out of it because “only the dump kids took shop”. I ignored them and never regretted it. My shop teacher quickly showed me that this class for for the smart kids and taught me more skills that went beyond the tools. Math, geometry, analytical thinking, time management, process planning, etc. No other, single class came close to teaching this much.

    The love of working in wood that I got from that high school class prompted me to set up my own garage shop to relive those days.

    Now I have two kids, gr. 2 and kindergarten, and I am concerned that they will not have that opportunity in their high school, so I intend to give that to them on my own. Now when I hear, “Why do I have to learn fractions?”, I say let’s build something. We find or make a plan and we have some fun and the fractions get learned more quickly.

    BTW, both of my kids are girls and they have no prejudices that this stuff is only for boys. When I took shop, there were no girls in my class. Perhaps we have managed to make progress in some areas over the past 20 years.

  12. I attended Aviation Trades H.S. in NYC. We learned a little bit about everything (woodworking, electrical circuits, sheet metal, drafting etc.) as it related to the aviation business. Joined the Air Force after graduation and eight years later got a job with IBM. Retired in 1997.
    None of this probably would have happened if it had not been for the training I received going to a trade school.
    America, now more than ever needs needs these classes and schools.

  13. I graduated from high school with an industrial vocational diploma. I served a four year apprenticeship in drafting. I was awarded a scholarship to study engineering. i spent 40 years teachings engineering at the university level. My strong support for industrial vocational high school programs is two pronged. The first is the obvious need for craftsmen. The second is that these programs need not impede students from pursuing college degrees. In fact they may inspire students to do so.

  14. I started woodworking when i was seven. MY father worked as a Weaver in a wollen mill, he was a verry skilled man in his trade.He also figured i would follow in his foot steps but i wanted to be a carpenter. So as i had kept onworking with wood making various things he was verry impressedfor seen what i have made. Iwas in parochial school in eight grade. Iwanted to go too Public school, and my dad was against it,I beged and beged so much I entered the Ninth year in public school. myshop teacher was MR ED HART at VAN RENSSELAR n.y. He was My insperation to continue in industrial arts to becone the Retired carpenter that i am to day At age 63 Mr heart was supprised of my skill and knowlage i had of the various trades. when i had a study hall twice a day Mr heart Would write me a shop pass, soevery day i had 3shop classes. I was so involved in Woodworking that Ihad enrolled into Night adultnight school woodworking classes twice a week fore 2 years Fall and winter,philip schyler high in albany n.y. later on wanted too join the local carpenter’s union. Busisness Agent Tom Hamell said If i could find a construction co whould pick me up as an apprentice come back and see him. So i had knew a General Fore man his was LAURANCE ALVARRO. I knew larry through his daughter who i had met while playing in a band.Larry talkedb to me and said ill talk too the boss and see if i can get you started. Also i had gone to Mr. ED HEART and asked for a letter of Recomdation four which he was supprisedthat i would ask. Well come in joe, we sat down and he wrote it there on the spot. I had a SMILE ear to ear. After i had a yes from larry, I had gone back too see Tom Hammel at the union hall HE was really Impressed with the letter from MR.HEART I know this is a vrrry long comment but if it wasent fore INDUSTRIAL ARTS CLASS AND A TRULLY DEDICATED TEACHER AS MR.EDWARD HEART.I and abunch of shop mates who worked construction or whom started their own Buissness would thank MR. ED HEART. from their i Was a Housing -foreman with a crew of 30. we would put out 2-3 pannelized homes a day, when we had the orders, on slower days we made stock trusses stairway’s garages sheds and many outher componnets.a few years went bye and i desided to join the state work force.i had taken a cut in pay,but i had a Retirement plan sick leave health insurance 40-hrs a year personal leave vacation and holiday’s off.worked on special projects such as the lead man on the Viet NAM MEMORIAL fore wich 5-Young men i grew up with lost there Lives,Fore one of them was one of my best friend’s. I ran the Empire state plaza MAin Stage And ice skating rink. worked on a base fore Albany History and ART Jason SEELY SCULPTURE Under the Direction of TAMMAS GROFF Curator.also hung millio’s of dollors of art work at the plaza put in Lamp post stantions along the walkway west to east on the south side of the Govenors Mansion when governor Huge Carrey, was in office. worked on governor cuomo Inaguration ranthe crew in the carpenter shop alot of stuff has to be made custon by hand to hold an event so hugh. worked on the state capital red room resturation the blue room or pressroom under the direction of ALBERT BARVETTI CAPITAL ARCHETECT. and many outher jobs i had done ,last one was a DESK in THE HALL OF GOVERNORS,FOR whume You Will BEE GREATED By STATE POLICE.I and a partener lenard lupe had done the democratic convention fore Governor CUOMO 2nd Run. lenny did the brake away rail on the main stage and joe did the press box sound proof offices Under the Direction of ANDREW CUOMO.too look similar to the calafornia democratic Convention. From thrir ran the carpentry side of the inaguration. Building a new Dias, a 10′ wide stairway toothe stage, and building two wp side down stair way’s to bee covered in felt, and filled with flowers to go on each side of the main stairway.later on my jouney I was assigned to the GOVERNORS MANSION Inthe second year of governor Pataki. WE put NEW windowes in the mansion,and over the 11yrs i was their we remodled the Pool House the varanda at the pool house the weight room,tore down half of a green house and made an upper weight room,and the governors locker shower and private bathh room all leading too the rosevelt pool house. beside doing all my regular duty’s fixin this and fixin that, also hehping the chef’s making such things as step’s, tray’s with mirrors,frute trees and various other pieces. the last big Job was removal of the 145′ of railing and paneled boxes too enclose the pilasters for which the collums wrap arround to hold up the headers for which the roof rafters shethed and standing seem copper roof.all the railings and panels were made in between jobs my apprentice was David stwart, a man who appriciated too learn Wood working, when we finished the varanda dave was called to the outher side.thank you dave for working uoder me as my apprentice. shortly dave was promoted. welllast but least,weare too have a new governor. governor pataki had just moved out and it was ready too set up for the new GOVERNOR ELLIOT SPITSER.staff was told what we all had to do before INAGURATION NIGHT and we had gotton the job done. Ihad asked for dave but he was really tied up with preporations on the other side, Soi asked for WALTER ARDEWICZ, we all call walt a to z what a great man too work with. Ondecember31 All the staff met the whole family Including Elliot’s MOM and DAD and faimly and Friends on both sides,When walt and I returned to the room just outside the GOVERNORS SUITE Elliot came over to walt and me Personally thanked us for what we have done too recieve him and his family into the GOVERNOES MANSION. The 22-nd of march i Retired. I would like for COMMISSIONER JOHN EAGAN OF N.Y. OFFICE OF GENERAL SERVICES four hiring me for I told you mr eagan i have respect drive to get the job done as o.g.s. motto was can do. so was mine when i was in the NAVY SEE BEES!MOTTO CAN DO WE BUILD WE FIGHT. IN my closing I have served as a CARPENTER, MILLWRIGHT, DOCK BUILDER PILE DRIVER MONKEY MAN ON AN A FRAME, CABINET MAKER,AND WOOD WORKER. I also am a member of THE NORTHEAST WOOD WORKERS ASSOCIATION. what a great organization to belong too.So IF I didnot have the drive to say to my dad I would not have gotton this Far without MR. EDWARD HEART INDUSTRIAL ARTS TEACHER AT VAN RENSSELAER HIGH. Its so great to possess the skill’s and skill level i have acheaved in my journey in carpentry and wood working.i made my living doing my hobby.and a lot of people hate to go to work every because they do not enjoy their work, you all have seen it one time or another there their for the check. in my case it was a great adventure without political connections it was abouit skill.so when your school want’s to ommit Industrial Arts tell them that industrial arts programs are really needed to train young men and women for a great future. not that special track torunarround or that new pool olympic size invest in our future in Industrial Arts Thank You So So much for this extreamly long comment sincerely Joseph p.Clemens.

  15. To my eternal regret, my high school did not allow girls to take “shop” (nor were boys allowed to take home ec). I took up woodworking by working at a place that refinished, repaired, and restored antiques. Many years later, I have my own shop and do my own projects—whatever pleases me.

    The question that puzzles me most about these short-sighted “educational experts” is, where do they think our skilled plumbers, electricians, auto mechanics, AC/heating people, carpenters, and other craftsmen will come from if they kill industrial arts? We will still need them and their expertise. Not all kids want or need college to do what they want in life. Offer them something else that’s more challenging, creative, and FUN! If I had had that chance while in school, I probably would never have gone to college….

  16. I teach a high school Carpentry program. I am fortunate enough to be able to teach the same program that I took as a high school student many years ago. I see daily the benefits of these vocational classes. The school I teach at is one of the largest and best area vocational schools in Alabama. We offer 15 different skill areas. Six of our instructors are graduates of the program they now teach. Sure, we could make more money by working in the areas we were trained in but we all believe in what we do and know that we are touching countless lives and making a difference every day. Anyone that believes that the skills trades are no longer needed really does not have a clue.

  17. I took many shop classes from Junior High through High School. My dad always inspired me with the small wood projects he did at home. It was great fun building things with him and I was very fortunate to have access to shop classes in the early 80s. At the same time, my parents wanted me to go on to college. So, I also took a lot of college prep classes. Today, I am Software Engineer who continues to make use of his wood working skills. I build toys, furniture, and other projects in my spare time. I also utilize my shop skills maintaining apartments that the family owns. You don’t have to be a professional shop person to make use of the shop skills you learn in Industrial Arts classes. These classes teach you how to apply what you learn in your core classes to every day life and also make school just a little more enjoyable.

    Keep up the great work shop teachers.


  18. I personally feel that I.A. is very necessary in our schools because some students do not have the aptitude or can afford to go to college. In I.A. they can learn hands-on skills (drafting, welding, mechanics, woodworking, and sales to some extent,)to earn a living without extended education. It also teaching self-confidence that will last a life time….I know it helped me even though I went on to college.

  19. i know i would have been a good student in my day if i had had this type of opportunity to learn this way.

    i am old now but still learning some things, keep these types of schools going, angeline

  20. This is the primary reason why there are so many dropouts, why so many kids are so disinterested in school. And why so many of our children cannot function in this society today. They have no knowledge of primary skills to fall back on, when large corporations have large layoffs. I am a female and I loved shop class. I was so disappointed when they cut automotive from high school and the art class, as well as gymnastics. All that was left for me was secretarial pools, cashiering,convience stores, cleaning fish and thats with a high school diploma. Sorry to tell ya and no I’m not prejudice, my uncle is biracial. But getting beat out on a college scholarship back in the 1970′s because of racial equality doesn’t help ones self esteem much. Especially when your belittled for being poor. These classes do, they gave me a sense of accomplisment. I was happy when I finished a project and knew that I did it all on my own. I aslo believe that there would be so many kids on all this medication for attention deficit disorder. I was more focused and really wanted to get good grades. After loosing these programs, I became a quiet kid and a loner, other kids would taunt me relentlessly. And it doesn’t help to complain.

  21. I have been a woodworker since I was first started woodworking in 1967 in 8th grade jr. high and was and still is one of the best activities of my life and every kid, boy or girl should have the same oppertunity. I am now over 50, disabled and although I can not work after 38+ years as a maintenance manager of 2 major companies, I can still work with wood making Native American Flutes.
    Woodworking is a passion as well as a hobbie and a sorce of income.

  22. I think that teaching shop class is wonderful. I was not allowed to take shop when I was in High School back when being a girl and all.
    Women need to be able to learn skills too along with men.
    Even if you don’t go on to be a carpenter the self worth that you learn by making something with your own hands is not replaceable.
    I watch the home improvement shows all of the time and I have had to learn everything the hard way. But I have perservered and I even laid a hardwood floor in my house with the help of my daughter. It looked beautiful when we were finished but I could have doe it faster if I had been better prepared in using power tools and measuring angles etc. that you learn in Shop.
    Leave these programs in school and reduce some of the sports programs. Kids need skills.

  23. As a retired Industrial Arts teacher which I made a living for 34 years in Public Schools I feel that I was able to get to some students that others could not. For three years the school in which I taught, a middle school, wanted to do away with Industrial arsts and put more emphasis on computers, and robotics. A year after I retired they did just that. I am not against that type of curriculum but I thought and still think there is room for both. I meet young people all of the time who have no idea what the names of woodworking tools and machines let along how to use them.

    I have 10 grand children and encourage them to use tools and machines in my home work shop but not all are interested.
    They are interested in having grandpa make them a piece of furniture or hang something on the wall when it is needed.

    Of course they can run rings around me when it comes to electronic gadgets.

    I believe schools should offer Industrial Arts classes and the district in which I reside still do along with the Technology information


  24. Thank you for featuring this article! I am a future Industrial Arts teacher and I had the pleasure of meeting Craig Conrad. There needs to be more awareness of vocational programs all over the nation because of the students who need them in their life.

    Spread the word about local programs and encourage your community to support them! I have witnessed just how much these programs mean to kids all over and they are definitely worth the attention!

  25. Not all high school graduates are prepared and/or do not want to attend college. Vocational school should start in high school. Not only a wood shop series of classes but metal machine shop, carpentry, plumbing, welding, culinary arts, computer repair and probable many others. Having good vocational educationl classes would probably keep some of these kids from dropping out of school and being a burden on the rest of society

  26. I had the chance to go to college but preferred to be a hands on guy.Loved wood shop in jr high and high school and have a wood shop at home now.Most of the furniture in my home is hand built by myself thanks to the knowledge I got from this program.I also had electronics classes and metal shop.Lets support these programs , they are a much needed part of school.These kids need the oportunity to do things they actually like to do.

  27. A Woodworking course is good for all students regardless of whether or not they plan to attend college. I teach woodworking at a 1500 student High School. Some of the most interesting questions I get during my day come from some of the top students in the school.

  28. As a Woodworking teacher and the owner of http://www.woodshopteachers.org I implore your magazine and readers to do what you can to save Woodshop in the educational system…
    The time has come to not only report about it’s demise but to ACT to save it…
    Certainly WOOD magazine can garner resources to help the few remaining programs survive???
    I have written often begging for your help to save woodworking as a viable class for ALL students…
    WOOD Magazine can be at the vanguard of saving these programs yet you seem to have chosen to sit back and watch them falter without a whimper…reporting only about the decline…
    There is certainly a shortage of qualified teachers who are qualified and willing and able to deal with the students placed in their programs.
    We NEED your support.

  29. Am I nearing the end of a very successful (31 yr) career as a high school woodworking teacher? Probably not. I was lucky enough to be chosen “High School Teacher of the Year”. My former students include tradesmen and women, cabinetshop owners, and home builders that are reshaping our community. Even though we have been told that we can no longer charge for products made in class, and local job opportunities have somewhat dried up, I still have more students then ever signing up for my classes. Since that doesn’t appear to be slowing us down, I’m guessing there isn’t any reason for me to leave teaching anytime soon. When I contacted both WOOD and American Woodworker Magazine inviting them to do more for woodworking educators and issues, to my surprise, both stepped up to the plate. WOOD was first by doing a great editorial that year and American Woodworker went even further by starting a complete series entitled “School News” highlighting woodworking programs and teachers all across America. We must be like those unstoppable shops you have been talking about.

  30. Well I really enjoyed reading it. This article procured by you is very helpful for good planning.

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